Neosapiens are a race of genetically engineered sentient humanoids. visually resembling seven to nine feet tall humans with pale blue skin. They have four fingers, including two opposable thumbs, on each hand, and four toes on each foot. Completely hairless, they also have a brightly colored tattoo, a so-called brood mark, on their foreheads, which denotes what brood they were created in. The brood mark is unique for every Neosapien and helps to distinguish them from each other, since their visual appearance doesn't vary as much as humans generally do. Although there are Neosapiens of both genders, they are reproduced only by batched cloning in a brood chamber. They are incapable of sexual reproduction, and are in fact bred to be sterile by the Terrans in an unsuccessful attempt to control them.
Neos are physically far superior to Terrans. They can breathe in far thinner atmospheres, with a much higher carbon dioxide and volcanic gases content which again makes sense for a race designed to work on Mars. They have greater strength, speed, stamina, hearing, and vision, though the latter also makes them more vulnerable to flash grenades. In addition, they require very little food, have no need to sleep, and have a much greater life expectancy than Terrans. Indeed, Neosapiens have been genetically optimized in virtually every bodily attribute.
There enhanced mental abilities manifest themselves in a greater predisposition to logical conclusions and an Eidetic memory. On the other hand, they are burdened by a lack of creativity and imagination, which makes them vulnerable to irrational or illogical military tactics and much less flexible than Terrans once they make a decision. Neos are immune to Mind Scanners, but dogs are able to recognize their scent from afar and generally behave aggressively towards them. Created in 2040 to serve as slave laborers on Mars, as a part of their terraforming efforts there and on Venus. This also explains their appearance: the blue skin would make them easily visible on Mars and their well-muscled physique would make them very strong workers.
Nearly all of the Neosapiens were slaves in the Martian mines before the Neosapien Revolt of 2069. Although they were granted increased rights following the revolts including control of Mars, most Neosapiens still lived in virtual slavery. The original revolt was put down swiftly and brutally by Federation forces.
Following the revolt Neosapiens were forbidden from owning weapons and could not command ships. Very few Neosapiens were able to obtain positions of power, the most visible were Phaeton Governor-General of Mars and Gidas finance minister of Mars. They were also faced with prejudice in Starfleet, Marsala was the only Neosapien seen in combat. Others were usually seen in non-combat positions, such as the medical service.
It wasn't until the Neosapien War that many of them gained their freedom and joined the Neosapien Order.