Neosapien Mars Security Vehicles were used on Mars for border patrol. It is a hovercraft (air-cushion vehicle, ACV) capable of travelling over surfaces while supported by a cushion of slow moving, high-pressure air which is ejected against the surface below and contained within a "skirt". Although supported by air, a hovercraft is not considered an aircraft.
The hovercraft can be powered by one or more engines. Small craft, such as the SR.N6, usually have one engine with the drive split through a gearbox. On vehicles with several engines, one usually drives the fan (or impeller), which is responsible for lifting the vehicle by forcing high pressure air under the craft. The air inflates the "skirt" under the vehicle, causing it to rise above the surface. Additional engines provide thrust in order to propel the craft. Some hovercraft use ducting to allow one engine to perform both tasks by directing some of the air to the skirt, the rest of the air passing out of the back to push the craft forward.
The way it works is through these four steps:
- 1. Propellers
- 2. Air
- 3. Fan
- 4. Flexible skirt
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